During the five hundred years after Prophet Mohammed’s (S) death in A.D. 632, Islam spread far beyond its place of origin in the Arabian Peninsula. As Islam spread, a distinctive style of Islamic art gradually developed. It was used mainly for religious architecture, book illustrations, and the decoration of pottery, metal-ware, and other useful objects. Islamic art was influenced by the artistic styles included late Roman, Byzantine, and Persian art. The new chapter which was opened in the Islamic period led to the creation of remarkable religious buildings. Iranian arts such as calligraphy, wall paintings, stucco (Plaster-cut), mirror work, tile work and metal art became closely tied together in this new era. Islamic architecture and building decoration are among the most beautiful means of expression. Decoration does not play such an important role in any other type of architecture.Islamic art not only describes the art created specially in the service of the Muslim faith but also characterizes the art and architecture historically produced in the lands ruled by Muslims artists.Calligraphy is the most important and pervasive element in the Islamic art. A striking example of this influence is seen in the north Karnataka i.e., in Gulbarga, Bidar and Bijapur the most beautiful wall paintings and stone engravings inside the tombs and outer parts of the architecture.
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