Bahmani Sultanate-Their contributions towards Art and Architecture


Islamic art and architecture, Bahmani Empire, Deccan Sultanate

How to Cite

Patel, R. (2023). Bahmani Sultanate-Their contributions towards Art and Architecture. Rashhat-E-Qalam, 3(1), 1-4. Retrieved from


During the five hundred years after Prophet Mohammed’s (S) death in A.D. 632, Islam spread far beyond its place of origin in the Arabian Peninsula. As Islam spread, a distinctive style of Islamic art gradually developed. It was used mainly for religious architecture, book illustrations, and the decoration of pottery, metal-ware, and other useful objects. Islamic art was influenced by the artistic styles included late Roman, Byzantine, and Persian art. The new chapter which was opened in the Islamic period led to the creation of remarkable religious buildings. Iranian arts such as calligraphy, wall paintings, stucco (Plaster-cut), mirror work, tile work and metal art became closely tied together in this new era. Islamic architecture and building decoration are among the most beautiful means of expression. Decoration does not play such an important role in any other type of architecture.Islamic art not only describes the art created specially in the service of the Muslim faith but also characterizes the art and architecture historically produced in the lands ruled by Muslims artists.Calligraphy is the most important and pervasive element in the Islamic art. A striking example of this influence is seen in the north Karnataka i.e., in Gulbarga, Bidar and Bijapur the most beautiful wall paintings and stone engravings inside the tombs and outer parts of the architecture.



Gulnar K. Bosch, Islamic Art and Architecture, The New Book of Knowledge, Vol. 9P 354

Elisabeth Siddiqui, Islamic Art, Colorado State University.

Dept. of Islamic Art, The nature of Islamic art, “Intleilbrunn Timeline of Art History”, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2000.

Linda Komaroff Ph.D., Curator of Islamic Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

Gulam Yazdani, Bidar its History and Monuments, published by His Exalted Highness Nizam’s Government, 1947 and reprint First Indian Edition by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi in 1995.

Dr. Rehaman Patel, Bidri Art of Karnataka-A Study, Ph.D. Thesis submitted to Gulbarga University in 2009.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.